Off road driving

Introduction to Off Road Driving


Driving a vehicle off road is an adventures everyone should experience and although it requires a certain amount of specialist skill and knowledge. The right combination of instruction and ability will ensure that even beginners experience off road driving both safely and successfully.

Of critical importance when driving off road, is a good understanding of the capabilities and limitations of your vehicle, as well as the specific techniques needed to handle different conditions. Cause just as easily a 4 wheel drive vehicle conquers seemingly impossible terrain, so too can it become hopelessly stuck of what might be a relatively minor slope.

Watch our videos as we explain the basics of Off Road Driving. They will put you on the right track for tackling typical off road conditions with ease and confidence. Remember that off-roading by nature is destructive to the environment. By driving responsibly you will ensure the enjoyment for the next generation.


Mud Driving

In Field Training

On/Off Road Vehicles


Hill Climbs

Basic Off Road Driving - Video Training

  • Introduction to Off Road Driving Feb 01, 2002
  • Transmision Diff Lock Feb 01, 2002
  • Transmision 4x4 Feb 01, 2002
  • Diff Lock Feb 01, 2002
  • Remote Free Wheel (RFW) Feb 01, 2002
  • Sparewheel & Jack Feb 01, 2002
  • Recovery & Straps Feb 01, 2002
  • Rule #1 Feb 01, 2002
  • Rule #2 Feb 01, 2002
  • Rule #3 Feb 01, 2002
  • Rule #4 Feb 01, 2002
  • Rule #5 Feb 01, 2002
  • Rule #6 Feb 01, 2002
  • Rule #7 Feb 01, 2002
  • Rule #8 Feb 01, 2002
  • Rule #9 Feb 01, 2002
  • Approach, Departure Angles Feb 01, 2002
  • Diff Height Feb 01, 2002
  • Wading Depth Feb 01, 2002
  • Vehicle Limitations Feb 01, 2002
  • Tyres and Driving Feb 01, 2002
  • Tyres are Critical for Safety Feb 01, 2002
  • Tyre Markings Feb 01, 2002
  • Tyre Inspection and Maintenance Feb 01, 2002
  • Plug Repair to Tyres Feb 01, 2002
  • Gear Soft Slippery Ground Feb 01, 2002
  • Gear Change Feb 01, 2002
  • Foot Position and Clutch Feb 01, 2002
  • Ascending Feb 01, 2002
  • Reverse Stall Feb 01, 2002
  • Descending Feb 01, 2002
  • Driving Side Ways Feb 01, 2002
  • Ridges Feb 01, 2002
  • Water Crossing Feb 01, 2002
  • Mud Driving Feb 01, 2002
  • Rock Climbing Feb 01, 2002
  • Sand Driving Feb 01, 2002

Off Road Driving Tips

  • Always wear your seat belt, the exception being when crossing a river.
  • When driving in bush or thorn trees keep your window closed to above eye level to prevent thorn branches whipping through the window and damaging the eyes.
  • It is advisable to move your seat a "click" forward and to raise your backrest slightly when encountering off road conditions.....this gives you better visual access to obstacles.
  • Adjust tyre pressure to suite the terrain.
  • Inspect suspect obstacles prior to attempting them.
  • Keep both hands on the wheel at all times. Remember to keep your thumbs on the outside of the wheel.
  • Choose your driving line and gear before attempting an obstacle and remain committed to your choice.
  • A piece of tape placed at top center of your steering wheel will assist in keeping your wheels straight when driving in sand.
  • While driving difficult terrain it is advisable to allow the vehicle in front of you to clear the obstacle before you make an attempt.
  • Avoid aggressive jerking of the steering wheel, rather use gentle coaxing maneuvers.
  • Select four-wheel drive prior to encountering any difficulties.
  • When driving in grassy areas check the underneath of your car regularly for grass build-ups that can easily lead to fires.
  • When driving on rocky terrain tilt your mirrors down - this allows you to see what your back wheels have to deal with.
  • Remember that when stuck in a seemingly impossible situation it often helps to sit down, relax, have a refreshment and consider your predicament.
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Water Crossing

A water crossing should not be attempted by inexperienced or ill-prepared 4x4 drivers. Prior to a water crossing, it is a good idea to place your recovery gear on top of other luggage. The last thing you want to do is be searching under your cooler, tents and baggage for your recovery gear when you are stuck in the middle of a crossing.


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Off Road Towing & gravel roads

Many licensed drivers have never driven on gravel roads or are inexperienced and unprepared for the unique challenges when doing so. We must equip ourselves with the knowledge and skills required to adjust our driving behaviour when moving away from tarred roads to gravel roads.


Deep in the Jungle

When travelling on gravel roads in rural areas and farm country it is not only the road surface you need to be aware of. You are more likely to encounter broken fences next to the gravel roads as well as wildlife and livestock such as cattle and sheep on the roads. You can expect to share the roads with a variety of other unique road users such as tractors, grain trucks, quad bikes, cyclists etc.

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A four wheel drive vehicle cannot be treated like a normal car when cornering. The 4WD will roll over much easier than a car while cornering if they are taken too fast, due to the higher center of gravity. This applies to gravel and paved roads equally. Although a four wheel drive vehicle generally has better traction on gravel than a car, when safe cornering speeds are exceeded the four wheel drive will tend to roll earlier than a car.

Off Road Gallery

  • Touch and Swipe
  • Touch and Swipe
  • Touch and Swipe
  • Touch and Swipe
  • Touch and Swipe
  • Touch and Swipe
  • Touch and Swipe
  • Touch and Swipe
  • Touch and Swipe


All information on this website is for educational and information proposes only. Camping Adventures Africa will not take any responsibility for damage to vehicles/equipment or any injury. Before driving any vehicle off-road make sure to get proper in-field training and familiarize yourself with your off-road vehicle..